Dark Ages - High Middle - Europe 1. Remember a. Otto i....

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Europe 1. Remember a. Otto i. Made Germany strong because they have support of pope in Rome ii. Strongest of the three divisions b. France i. Becomes Strongest c. Pope Gregory 2 nd VS Henry IV i. Who gets to pick bishops and archbishop ii. Settled Worms d. Pope Urban II i. Starts Crusades ii. 2. Dark Ages a. Carolinians Empire i. Louie the pious 1. Gets all of the empire for himself 2. Has 3 kids a. Charles The bald i. Gets West b. Louis the German i. Get East 1. Magyars and Slaves invade to the east c. Lothar i. Get Middle 1. Dies
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2. And kingdom disappears ii. Ends with treaty of Verdun b. Scandinavia i. Vikings 1. Loot+Pillage+Rape 2. Attack monasteries 3. Set up states in Sicilly and southern Italy 4. Take over some of France a. Normans i. Northman c. Rus i. Found Kiev ii. Kebian Dynasty 1. Adopt Byzantine Christianity d. England i. Alfred the Great 1. Keeps Danes from taking over England a. Makes Dane law - 878 2. Builds first English Navy High Middle Ages 1. Culture of Europe a. Manor (this happens in all of Europe and parts of Scandinavia) i. 60% of population are surfs ii. Lord of the Manor owns them 1. Desmene a. Lords Domain
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ii. Everyone farms for the lord and themselves iii. Common Pasture 1. Cattle 2. Sheep (In England) 3. Flax (Germany) iv. Biggest Building 1. Church v. Fields 1. Rye 2. “corn” a. Actually Wheat 3. Keep one field fallow, Farm the rest 4. 3 Fields a. Crop Rotation b. Only one is not used c. 2/3 are used vi. Made because people have to rely on a local strongman instead of a centralized government b. Good Farming Weather i. Population grew from 15k to 17k c. Technology i. Horse Collar 1. Protects Horse from injury 2. Allows the Horse to Plow field/ Carry carts ii. Iron Tip Plow 1. Allowed plowing of thick earth iii. Overshot Waterwheels
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1. Uses gravity to push water over the wheel using gravity to do the majority of the work iv. Windmills v. Revolutionized productivity d. Trade i. Non-perishables 1. Linen 2. Wools 3. Lumber ii. Water trading 1. Major Trade Centers a. Flanders b. Venice iii. Fairs 1. Basically a big trading fest a. Famous one - Champaign Fairs b. At first only a few days then turn into yearlong things 2. Start people making money from trade a. Merchants i. To protect quality they develop 1. Guilds a. Appetence b. Then become a Traveler c. Stay in some place and make a Masterpiece so you are then a Master iv. Titles of Nobility 1. Dutchy
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Ruled by a Duke 2. County a. Ruled by a count 3. 3 Carolignan Heirs a. Germany i. Otto I 936-973 1. Defeats Mygars 2. Through pretigue he takes over a lot of German duchies 3. Goes to Rome and is crowned pope a. Start of Holy Roman Empire i. Lot of Questions come out of this 1. Is an Emperor elected by Divine Right or by Pope ii. Otto II iii. Otto III 1. Marries a Byzantine Princess iv. Henry IV 1. Appointed Archbishops 2. Pope Gregory VII a. Decides normal people (Lay) should not elect Bishops but the church should 3. Investiture Contrivercy a. Henry IV vs Gregory VII
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Dark Ages - High Middle - Europe 1. Remember a. Otto i....

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