14th Century Crises - 14th Century Crises 1. Church a. Pope...

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14 th Century Crises 1. Church a. Pope i. Gets Greedy, Becomes a Normal Duke 1. Tries to get money from Philip IV 2. Philip Ends up Kidnapping the pope ii. A French Pope is elected 1. Clemet IV a. At First Likes Templar then Condemns the Knights Templar i. Executes them b. Babylonian Captivity i. Why Is called this 1. When the Jews where in captivity ii. Avignon Papacy 1. Clemet dies iii. Rome 1. Gregory Dies in Rome c. Schism i. Avignon Elects a Pope ii. Italy Elects a Pope 1. Both Excommunicates each other 2. This happens though a few generations of popes iii. Pisa 1. Makes both popes no longer pope 2. Elect Alexander as Pope 3. Both Popes don’t believe this and reject it
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4. Now we have 3 popes iv. Problem in Holy Roman Empire 1. Hus a. Believes in John Wycliffe b. Put on trial in Constance i. Condemned and burned at the stake v. Martin V is elected pope 1. 1417 2. Goes back to Rome and ends Schism vi. Effects of Schism 1. Prestige for Church goes way down 2. English do not support French pope a. 100 years war 2. 100 Year War (1337-1455) a. Caruse: 1. Dynastic struggles between France and England ii. Henry III (E) 1. Denounces Claims in France a. Keeps claim in Gascony iii. Edward III (E) 1. Grandson of Philip IV (F) 2. France raids England a lot 3. Edward Claims himself as King of France iv. Wool Escapade 1. Wool form England 2. Dyes from France
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3. Alum from Italy 4. All Ship to Flanders a. Flanders Trades Wool to everywhere else 5. England Tries to control Flanders a. Flanders talks to Norway Bankers for support 6. Philip VI (F) tries to take over the Trade with Bankers
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14th Century Crises - 14th Century Crises 1. Church a. Pope...

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