CLAR 241 Study Outline #9 - domination until the campaigns...

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5/11/11 5:48 PM sg9Ne0BabPer Page 1 of 3 http://www.classics.unc.edu/courses/clar241/sg9Ne0BabPer.html CLAR 241: The Archaeology of the Ancient Near East © 2010 G. Kenneth Sams and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Study Outline #9 The Neo-Babylonian Period and the Persian Empire (click here for map, courtesy Oriental Institute, University of Chicago) Neo-Babylonian Period (612-539) (click here for other on-site Neo-Babylonian images) Babylon, a relief-brick "dragon" on the Ishtar Gate. Background: Building inscription of Nabu-apaliddina ( ca . 870) Boundary stone ( kudurru ) of Marduk-apaliddina (714)
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5/11/11 5:48 PM sg9Ne0BabPer Page 2 of 3 http://www.classics.unc.edu/courses/clar241/sg9Ne0BabPer.html Babylon: Nabopolassar (625-605), founder of the Neo-Babylonian Period. His son, Nebuchadnezzar (604-562). Ishtar Gate. Hanging Gardens. Babylon was taken by the Persians in 539, an event that many take as marking the end of the ancient Near East. Babylon and all of western Asia, including Egypt, remained under Persian
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Unformatted text preview: domination until the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the 4th century. Alexander took Babylon in 331 and died there eight years later, in 323. The Achaemenid Persian Empire (550-330) Select Achaemenid kings: Cyrus (Kurush) the Great, 560-530 Darius (Darayawaush) I, 522-486 Xerxes (Khshayrsha) I, 486-465 Artaxerxes (Artakhshasa) I, 465-424---------------------------------------------Darius III, 336-330 Persepolis, the Apadana, general view. 5/11/11 5:48 PM sg9Ne0BabPer Page 3 of 3 http://www.classics.unc.edu/courses/clar241/sg9Ne0BabPer.html Persepolis, the ceremonial capital, founded by Darius I in 518: The "Gateway of All Lands" The Apadana or great ceremonial hall, begun by Darius I and completed under Xerxes I. The "Hall of 100 Columns" or the Throne Hall, begun by Xerxes I and completed by Artaxerxes I. Naqsh-i Rustam, the tomb of Xerxes I. back to Study Outlines main / back to Study Outline #8 / home...
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