Sociology Notes

Sociology Notes - Elements of culture Language: The...

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Elements of culture Language: The abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture such as speech, written characters, numerals, symbols, and nonverbal gestures and expressions Norms Sanctions: Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning social norms such as a pay raise, medals of honor, gratitude, a pat on the back; or fines, threats, imprisonment, or stares of contempt. Values Sapir-Wharf hypotheses: Explained the role of language in shaping a group’s interpretation of reality Stated that language is culturally determined and encourages a distinctive interpretation by focusing attention onto certain phenomena. Argot: specialized language used by a sub-culture such as: LOL - laugh out loud TTYL – talk to you later OMG – Oh my God Culture and Dominant Ideology Dominant ideology: Describes the set of cultural beliefs and practices that helps to maintain powerful social, economic, and political interests. Cultural Variation Subcultures: A segment of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society. Countercultures:
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A subculture that conspicuously and deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture Culture shock: Feeling disoriented, uncertain, out of place, or even fearful when immersed in an unfamiliar culture Attitudes toward Cultural Variation Ethnocentrism: Assuming that one’s own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others. Cultural Relativism: Viewing people’s behavior from their own cultural perspective. Socialization Socialization: The lifelong process in which people learn the attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members of a culture that occurs through interaction with family members, best friends, teachers, religious leaders, parole officers, and judges. Agents of Socialization: Family, peers, school, government, religion, television, newspapers, magazines, music, technology, and anything else that could be said to have an effect on the way people act Cooley’s Looking Glass Self Emphasized that our correct or incorrect perception of ourselves is the product of our social interactions We imagine how we are perceived Evaluated how others perceived us Develop the perception Mass Media
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Refers to the print and electronic means of communication that carries messages
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course SOC 300 taught by Professor Atwell during the Fall '09 term at Northeast State.

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Sociology Notes - Elements of culture Language: The...

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