Sociology Notes 3

Sociology Notes 3 - Religion Unified system of beliefs and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Religion Unified system of beliefs and practices o To separate the Sacred from the Profane o Sacred: Elements beyond ordinary everyday life o Profane: Everyday life that is ordinary and common The world’s largest religions: o Christianity: 2.2 Billion o Islam: 1.4 Billion o Hinduism: 876 Million o Buddhism: 386 Million o Judaism: 11 Million Functions Integrates or meshes different groups and cultures Provides social support Allows individual expression through belief and ritual Symbol of Change o The Protestant Work Ethic o Protestant work ethic is a drive to accumulate savings that could be used for later endeavors, a disciplined work ethic and a rational orientation to life and being prepared associated with protestant descendants of John Calvin o Liberation Theology: o The use of the church in troubled areas in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other, forms of injustice from a secular society Resistant to social change Maintains existing social structure Religious Organization Ecclesia: o A religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society and is recognized as the national or official religion.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Something you are born into without much choice such as a government sponsored religion Example: Islam in the Middle East, the Lutheran Church in Sweden Denomination: o Large, organized religion that is not officially linked to the state or government. Example: Presbyterianism in the U.S. Sect: o Relatively small religious group that has broken away from some other religious organization Example: Seventh Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witness, and Amish New Religious Movement or Cults: o Small, secretive religious group that represent either a new religion or a major innovation of an existing faith. o Forms a quasi-religion o Example: Scientology Religion in School Creationism, Evolution, Intelligent Design, and School Prayer o Creationism: The biblical account of the creation of humans and the rest of the universe 10,000 years ago in seven days o Evolution: The theory that humans and all other organisms evolved over billions of years from basic single-celled organisms after the beginning of the known universe 15 billion years ago. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course SOC 300 taught by Professor Atwell during the Fall '09 term at Northeast State.

Page1 / 8

Sociology Notes 3 - Religion Unified system of beliefs and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online