Sociology of Sport

Sociology of Sport - Lecture 2: What is the sociology of...

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Lecture 2: What is the sociology of sport? P Some methodological issues, not specific to sports < Definitions – conceptual and operational definitions. conceptual definition, i.e., a shared understanding of the meaning of a word, especially an abstract idea operational definition, i.e. an explicit measurement of the term that allows you to distinguish examples of the concept from non-examples EXAMPLE: What is the most popular sport in the U.S.? Discussion. < Quality of research Theoretical approaches to the sociology of sport < Definitions: hypothesis middle-range theory paradigm < "There is nothing so practical as a good theory". Why? Discussion. < Two major paradigms in sociology: Functionalism and conflict theory Functionalism – associated with Parsons Conflict theory – Marx is the originator Functionalism < General characterization: functionalism is a conservative theory that supports the status quo < Four things a social system needs to operate efficiently 1. methods for teaching people in the system the basic values and rules they are supposed to live by 2. social mechanisms for bringing people together 3. methods for teaching people in the system appropriate goals and means to reach them 4. mechanisms for handling social and environmental changes occurring outside the system < Example of research done in this paradigm < Problems with the paradigm
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Sociology of Sport - Lecture 2: What is the sociology of...

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