lecture09.0128 - Something That Just Won't Go Away The Race...

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1 Something That Just Won’t Go Away: The Race and Intelligence Debate How can Anthropology give us the framework and the  information to join this argument? What do we know?
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2 W.E.B. Dubois,  in  Crisis , the magazine of the  NAACP in 1911: “The leading scientists of the world have  come forward...and laid down in categorical  terms a series of propositions which may be  summarized as follows: 1.  It is not legitimate to argue from  differences in physical characteristic to  differences in mental characteristics... 2.  The civilization of a...race at any  particular moment of time offers no index to  its innate or inherited capacities...”
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3 But they do it all the time . . .  Some low points in  the race & intelligence debate: 1.  Samuel George Morton, 1820s-1850  “proves” that Caucasian is the most  intelligent race based on skull size &  capacity 2.  Mr. Robert Bean, a Virginia physician, in  1906 “proves” that American blacks are less  intelligent than American whites based on  brain size 3.  In France, Paul Broca “demonstrates”  with brain size that women, blacks, and  poor people less intelligent than white males
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4 More low points. . . 4.  In 1916, Lewis Terman uses IQ  scores to show that intelligence is largely  inherited & therefore blacks (and  immigrant groups) inferior with respect  to intelligence 5.  1994, The Bell Curve: The Reshaping  of American Life by Difference in  Intelligence , by Richard Herrnstein &  Charles Murray (1994, Free Press).
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5 Remember “Social Darwinism”? a theory that argues that the poor are in their situation for  inherent and immutable reasons related to biology (and that  the rich are in theirs); and that to tamper with this natural  sorting is to risk genetic ruin one notable statistic is their reporting of a 15 point gap  in the average IQs of African-Americans vs. Euro- Americans
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6 Here’s what we know: A.  Race is not a viable scientific way to categorize people; it 
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