MICB_202_terms_and_defs0-5

MICB_202_terms_and_defs0-5 - Term Aquired Immune deficiency...

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Unformatted text preview: Term Aquired Immune deficiency syndrome Anergy Antibody Antigen Antigen Presenting cell B cell Receptor Clusters of Differentiation Complement Cytotoxic T lymphocyte Chemokines Cytokines Dendritic Cell Enzyme-linked Immunosorbant Assay Epitopes Fluorescence-activated cell sorter Helper T cells Hematopoetic Stem Cell Human Leukocyte Antigen Interferons Interleukin Lymph Node Major Histocompatibility Complex Pathogen Associated Molecular patterns Pattern recognition receptors Phagocytosis Polymorphonuclear leukocytes Red blood cells Abbreviation AIDS Ab Ag APC BCR CD C' CTL Definition DC ELISA FACS TH HSC HLA IFN IL LN MHC PAMPs PRRs PMNs RBCs disease caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus ( When T and B cells lack a response to a given antigen even under A protein produced by plasma cells in response to an infection, al a foreign molecule that can induce production of antibodies. Pres Specialized cells (Dendritic cells, macrophages, B cells) that displa Receptor expressed on the surface of B cells. Each B cell has a BC Designaiton for cell surface molecules Plasma proteins that when activated attack extracelular pathogen CD8+ T cells that recognize foreign peptides in the contexts of M chemoattractant proteins that induce the migration of both innate small proteins made by cells, which alter the behavior of nearby c professional antigen presenting cell capable of activating naïve T assay in which an antigen is detected by an antibody conjugated t Site of an atigen that is recognized by antibodies or antigen recep Used to characterizs individual cells in a population through meas CD4+ T cells that induce production of antibodies by B cells in res Pluripotent stem cell found in the bone marrow that gives rise to genetic designation for MHC in humans. class of cytokines. IFN-α and IFN-β are antiviral cytokines produc designation for cytokines produced by leukocytes secondary lymphoid organ set of membrane glycoproteins that present antigens to T cells via molecules produced by groups of pathogens that are recognized receptors of the innate immune system which recognize Pathogen uptake of particulate matter (such as proteins or bacterial cells) b White bloods cells with multilobed nuclei and granules within the component of whole blood, oxygen carriers severe combined immunodeficiency SCID Transporters associated with antigen processing TAP T cell Receptor TCR Toll like receptors TLR deficiency in which antibody and T cell responces are lacking. Gen transports short peptides from the cytosol into the endoplasmic r Receptor found on the surface of T cells. It is made up of an alpha Receptors of the innate immune system which are expressed on c efinition isease caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). Patients exhibit a significant decline n CD4+ T cells, leaving the hen T and B cells lack a response to a given antigen even under optimal conditions protein produced by plasma cells in response to an infection, also known as immunoglobulin. Each antibody binds a specific antigen. R foreign molecule that can induce production of antibodies. Presented to T cells via MHC. Bound By immunoglobulins pecialized cells (Dendritic cells, macrophages, B cells) that display antigens on MHC II as well as the costimulatory molecules required to eceptor expressed on the surface of B cells. Each B cell has a BCR that recognizes a specific antigen. Composed of a transmembrane im esignaiton for cell surface molecules lasma proteins that when activated attack extracelular pathogens. There are two pathways of activation, classical (involving antibodies) D8+ T cells that recognize foreign peptides in the contexts of MHC I. The end result is killing of infected cells by CTLs. hemoattractant proteins that induce the migration of both innate and adaptive immune cells, often to the site of an inflammatory respon mall proteins made by cells, which alter the behavior of nearby cells. Often referred to as interleukins (IL). Act through specific cytokine rofessional antigen presenting cell capable of activating naïve T cells ssay in which an antigen is detected by an antibody conjugated to an enzyme which converts a colorless reagent into a colored product. ite of an atigen that is recognized by antibodies or antigen receptors such as the T cell receptor sed to characterizs individual cells in a population through measurments of cell size, granularity and fluorescence (due to bound, fluore D4+ T cells that induce production of antibodies by B cells in response to antigen (humoral response). Can also promote a cytotoxic res luripotent stem cell found in the bone marrow that gives rise to blood cells. enetic designation for MHC in humans. lass of cytokines. IFN-α and IFN-β are antiviral cytokines produced by a broad range of cell types in response to viral infections. IFN-γ i esignation for cytokines produced by leukocytes econdary lymphoid organ et of membrane glycoproteins that present antigens to T cells via an interaction with the T cell receptor. Divided into MHC class I, which olecules produced by groups of pathogens that are recognized by innate immune cells via pattern recognition receptors eceptors of the innate immune system which recognize Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns ptake of particulate matter (such as proteins or bacterial cells) by cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages and neutroph hite bloods cells with multilobed nuclei and granules within the cytoplasm. Include neutrophiles, eosinophiles, and basophils omponent of whole blood, oxygen carriers eficiency in which antibody and T cell responces are lacking. Generally a result of T cell deficiencies ansports short peptides from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum, where they are loaded onto MHC I molecules eceptor found on the surface of T cells. It is made up of an alpha and beta chain, which recognizes peptides presented on MHC I or MHC eceptors of the innate immune system which are expressed on cells such as dendritic cells and macrophages. Recognize components o ...
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