civil rights movement of 1960s

civil rights movement of 1960s - Civil Rights Movement I...

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Civil Rights Movement I. Racial Situation after WWII a. Situation in the South i. Much like it was in 1980s when repressive racial order laid down 1. Segregation, disfranchisement 2. Last until mid 1960s ii. Still constant violence against blacks that challenge repressive racial order iii. Maintained by government, law enforcement system, state government iv. Southern society completely segregated 1. Most restaurants not refused to serve blacks at all 2. Trains, buses, circus, everything, neighborhoods 3. Sports – white and black team; didn’t play each other v. What’s not segregated doesn’t exist for blacks 1. Libraries, swimming pools, parks – whites only vi. Separate and unequal or separated and nonexistent vii. “separate but equal” is a myth viii.African Americans continuing to leave South 1. Great Migration out of the South 2. Begins in 1890s, Pick up in 1930s (AAA) 3. Headed North after WWII b/c of technologies 4. Typically followed RR lines settling in Los Angeles, Cincinnati 5. Didn’t expect what they found there a. Racism b. Overcrowded housing in urban ghettos ix. 80% of African Americans are still in the south after WWII x. Booker T Washington of Self Help is still there
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1. Build up the latter, try to do better and make a better life for themselves xi. WB DuBois challenge is still going on [NAACP] II. Early Challenges to Repressive Racial Order a. “Brown Vs. Board of Education” i. Happened in 1954 ii. NAACP challenge School Segregation iii. Have been challenging since the 30’s iv. Monumental Supreme court ruling v. Ruled that “separate but equal” is unequal vi. Plessey ruling was a mistake – reversed it vii. Ordered the South to desegregate the schools (only public schools) viii.Shocked southern – don’t know what to do
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civil rights movement of 1960s - Civil Rights Movement I...

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