1- resconstruction

1- resconstruction - Reconstruction (1865-1877) I. Post...

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Reconstruction (1865-1877) I. Post Civil War Situation a. South i. Confederacy defeated, President jailed ii. 260,00 southern men killed iii. Economy ruined iv. Major southern cities impacted/destroyed v. Major industries destroyed during war vi. Railroad tracks/bridges vii. 1/3 livestock killed viii.Basis of (cotton) economy (slaves) now gone/no sugar cane, tobacco ix. Confederate currency worth nothing x. At complete mercy of the North xi. Have no idea what will become of them b. North i. Although victorious, extremely bitter about fighting bloody 4 year war ii. 340,000 dead (includes African American troops) iii. Industry expanded/boomed (more industrial than South) iv. In total control of Federal Gov’t. 1. South always wanted weak fed. Gov. 2. When south pulls out, north does what it wants to benefit people 3. North raise tariff on imports (protecting business interests) 4. South wanted access to cheap imported goods. 5. Creates National bank and currency based to the North II. Post Civil War Issues a. Political i. What happens to the 11 Confederate states that left the Union?
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1. No precedent 2. What’s Constitutional process?. ....says nothing 3. How much power will Fed. Gov. have? a. Back to weak or stay strong? ii. What about South and its political leaders? 1. Pre-Civil War leaders allowed to have power again? Fate? 2. High ranking fed. Officials? What happens to them? iii. How to reconstruct the union b. Economic i. How and Can the south recover?? 1. Slave labor is gone/what will replace the system? c. Racial i. What are the slaves’ status? Political/legal rights? 1. 1865-vague 2. White southerners—free 4 million slaves caused them concern/fears III. Presidential Reconstruction (1865-1867) a. Requirements on South i. Lincoln’s Plan 1. Uses power as president to begin process 2. Began reconstruction before war even ended 3. Made process (ability of states to rejoin union) easy 4. 10% of white pop. takes oath (allegiance to U.S.) and is back in union a. Why so easy? b. Lincoln wants war over, get states back into Union ASAP c. Vague about questions of race 5. Congress adds element (13 th amendment/outlaws slavery) a. Any state takes oath has to ratify 13th amendment as well
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b. Creates Freedmen’s Bureau i. Fed. Agency set up to help freed slaves in South ii. Assists 4 million freed slaves iii. Sets up schools, hospitals for health care, negotiates labor contracts, land leases 1. Slaves didn’t know how to read/write iv. Set up medical clinics v. 1000 agents sent into south 6. Lincoln’s assassination a. Made north even angrier at South i. Believed part of confederate conspiracy, Lincoln was extremely loved in south. People in North thought Lincoln was an agent. b.
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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1- resconstruction - Reconstruction (1865-1877) I. Post...

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