1- resconstruction - Reconstruction(1865-1877 I Post Civil...

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Reconstruction (1865-1877)I.Post Civil War Situationa.Southi.Confederacy defeated, President jailedii.260,00 southern men killediii.Economy ruinediv.Major southern cities impacted/destroyedv.Major industries destroyed during warvi.Railroad tracks/bridgesvii. 1/3 livestock killedviii.Basis of (cotton) economy (slaves) now gone/no sugar cane, tobaccoix.Confederate currency worth nothingx.At complete mercy of the North xi.Have no idea what will become of themb.Northi.Although victorious, extremely bitter about fighting bloody 4 year warii.340,000 dead (includes African American troops)iii.Industry expanded/boomed (more industrial than South)iv.In total control of Federal Gov’t. 1.South always wanted weak fed. Gov.2.When south pulls out, north does what it wants to benefit people3.North raise tariff on imports (protecting business interests)4.South wanted access to cheap imported goods.5.Creates National bank and currency based to the NorthII.Post Civil War Issuesa.Politicali.What happens to the 11 Confederate states that left the Union?
2.What’s Constitutional process?
3.How much power will Fed. Gov. have?
ii.What about South and its political leaders?1.Pre-Civil War leaders allowed to have power again? Fate?2.High ranking fed. Officials? What happens to them?iii.How to reconstruct the unionb.Economici.How and Can the south recover??1.Slave labor is gone/what will replace the system?c.Raciali.What are the slaves’ status? Political/legal rights? 1.1865-vague2.White southerners—free 4 million slaves caused them concern/fearsIII. Presidential Reconstruction (1865-1867)a.Requirements on Southi.Lincoln’s Plan1.Uses power as president to begin process2.Began reconstruction before war even ended3.Made process (ability of states to rejoin union) easy4.10% of white pop. takes oath (allegiance to U.S.) and is back in uniona.Why so easy?b.Lincoln wants war over, get states back into Union ASAPc.Vague about questions of race5.Congress adds element (13thamendment/outlaws slavery)a.Any state takes oath has to ratify 13th amendment as well
b.Creates Freedmen’s Bureaui.Fed. Agency set up to help freed slaves in Southii.Assists 4 million freed slavesiii.Sets up schools, hospitals for health care, negotiates labor contracts, land leases1.Slaves didn’t know how to read/writeiv.Set up medical clinicsv.1000 agents sent into south6.Lincoln’s assassinationa.Made north even angrier at Southi.Believed part of confederate conspiracy, Lincoln was extremely loved in south. People in North thought Lincoln was an agent.b.Made Andrew Johnson (his VP) now President – from TN, poor, TN dem. senatorii.Johnson’s Plan1.Democratic Party, campaign on being “one of the common people”2.He was a Unionistopposed to succession even though belonged to southern state/wanted to preserve U.S.

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