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Unformatted text preview: Civil Rights Movement I. Racial Situation after WWII a. Situation in the South i. Still had an oppressive racial order and segregation was still strong, Much like it was in 1980s when repressive racial order laid down 1. Segregation, disfranchisement 2. Last until mid 1960s ii. Still constant threat of violence against blacks that was maintained by legal systems. (government, law enforcement system, state government) iii. Southern society completely segregated 1. Most restaurants not refused to serve blacks at all 2. Trains, buses, circus, everything, neighborhoods 3. Sports white and black team; didnt play each other iv. Whats not segregated doesnt exist for blacks 1. Libraries, swimming pools, parks whites only v. Separate and unequal or separated and nonexistent vi. separate but equal is a myth vii.African Americans continuing to leave South 1. This caused Great Migration out of the South 2. Begins in 1890s, Pick up in 1930s (AAA) 3. Headed North after WWII b/c of new technologies such as cotton picker, many blacks lost jobs and moved north. They Typically followed RR lines settling in Los Angeles, Cincinnati but they Didnt expect what they found there which was Racism and Overcrowded housing in urban ghettos. The chance of violence was less and chance of education was higher. viii. 80% of African Americans are still in the south after WWII ix. Booker T Washington of Self Help is still there 1. Build up the latter, try to do better and make a better life for themselves x. WB DuBois challenge is still going on [NAACP] II. Early Challenges to Repressive Racial Order a. Brown Vs. Board of Education i. Happened in 1954 ii. NAACP challenge School Segregation and finally got a supreme court case. iii. Have been challenging since the 30s iv. Monumental Supreme court ruling for overturning its previous ruling that said separate but equal was equal. v. It now Ruled that separate but equal is unequal vi. Ordered the South to desegregate the public school system (only public schools) vii.Shocked southern dont know what to do viii. Tells NAACP that they are correct ix. KNOW THISTEST TIME b. Montgomery Bus Boycott i. On buses, white people sat in front and black were in black. Happened in 1955 On buses, white people sat in front and black were in black....
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