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10-changes in us policy & origins of cold war

10-changes in us policy & origins of cold war -...

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Changes in US foreign Policy & Origins of Cold War I. Why America’s role in world changes a. We were always interested in spreading democracy b. Americans worried about Maintaining economic opportunity and access to markets abroad so there wouldn’t be another depression. c. Strategic interest: i. Having military bases outside of the US 1. Bases in Europe d. Munich Analogy i. Deal with Hitler ii. Can’t appease totalitarian dictatorships (cant make deals with dictatorships); you have to stop aggression before it begins II. Planning for a post-war world III.What is Cold War? a. Conflict w/ US & soviet Union b. Many people expected nuclear war to happen c. Happens after [some say during] WWII d. 1946-1989 e. Called Cold b/c there is no actual fighting going on [not a Hot war] f. Get involved w/ wars w/ sides we’re fighting with g. Geopolitics i. Get involved in wars where the SU supports the other side ii. Global confrontations w/ the only 2 super powers iii. The chance of war happening is very possible iv. Many were expecting a nuclear war
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h. Ideological conflict: Capitalism – based on private property vs. Communism- rejects private power; both sides want to spread their political views i. US is the Land of freedom ii. Soviet Union sees itself of the path to creating communist utopia iii. Operates on a religion level 1. Capitalism: US - Christian 2. Communism: Soviet Union – atheists i. Examples: i. mission to moon 1. Race to space ii. Education 1. US wants to develop the smartest scientist iii. Interstate system is introduced 1. A way to get soldiers around – military j. Civil Rights Legislation k. Were allies during WWII l. Why are we now bitter w/ each other? m. After the war, we were the only 2 powers standing i. Are now in a 40 year struggle w/ the Soviet Union IV. Origins of Cold War in Eastern Europe a. Tensions i. SU had a long history of mistrust ii. Only recent allies 1. US didn’t recognize SU until 1933
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2. Sent troops into SU during WWII iii. US believes Stalin was insane – killed 20 million of his own citizens iv. Alliance of convince 1. The enemy of the enemy is my friend v. Stalin was fighting the war alone till we showed up 1. Believed the US was delaying showing up and helping vi. Didn’t tell Stalin we had perfected the Atomic Bomb while we did tell Great Britain vii.WW2 ended w/ no major peace conference; A lot of issues that weren’t settled viii. Series of meetings took place at very end of way with Germany 1. Yalta- February 1945 2. Dsicuss what to do w/ Germany after it’s defeated a. Stalin – SU looses 27 million in WW2, Stalin wants something to prevent that from happening again; wants buffer zone between eastern Europe and SU, and wants Germany to be weak forever and never have major power again b. FDR – believes there should be a buffer zone, sympatric to that notion, and agrees that SU should have a buffer zone because he knows we might need Stalin for war against Japan. also b/c he believes may have to invade mainland Japan and needs SU on our side to also defeat Japan; no one
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