7 - grammar PP

7 - grammar PP - Ch. 7 Grammar September Master subtitle...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/10/11 Ch. 7 Grammar September 22, 2010
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5/10/11 Grammar Rules pertaining to how we construct phrases and sentences. Process of describing the structure of phrases and sentences so that we can separate what is an appropriate construction from what is inappropriate. Our mental grammar allows us to recognize when a sentence is
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5/10/11 Latin and Greek influence Grammar of Latin and Greek was the “model” grammar, so big influence on some European languages like Spanish and Italian. Languages of scholarship, religion, philosophy Influenced our labels English parts of speech, as well as the notion of “proper” English in 18th c. England.
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5/10/11 Prescriptive Approach Prescriptive approach to grammar or prescriptive linguistics describes the rules and correct standard for language that everyone should conform to. Examples of prescriptive rules in English: Do not split infinitives. Tsk tsk Captain Kirk. To go boldly NOT To
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5/10/11 English vs. Latin grammar Infinitives in Latin are single words, but in English they are two words: to go, to dance, to study. So infinitives can’t be split in Latin. English infinitives are two words. Should this structural rule for Latin apply to English, according to prescriptive grammar?
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Descriptive Approach Descriptive approach to grammar or descriptive linguistics simply studies the history, dialects, structure, and variation of language as it is. There is no “right” or “wrong” use of
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course COMD 2055 taught by Professor Buckingham during the Spring '11 term at LSU.

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7 - grammar PP - Ch. 7 Grammar September Master subtitle...

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