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15:43 Final: views of the sacred, views of God, ethics, central ideas of each religion  we’ve studied  Sunni-Shi’a Split o “Sunnah” (tradition) o 85% of Muslims o Abu Bakr, Aisha o Community consensus o Caliphs o Great cultural variety o Many reform movements emerged o “Partisans of Ali” o 15% of Muslims o Ali, Fatima o 680 Massacre at Karbala (Ali’s son Husayn) o Fondness, devotion to Muhammed’s family o 12 Imams – spiritual leaders (or 7) o Martyrdom, “underdog” consciousness against oppression Orthodox, “Rightly Guided” Caliphs o Abu Bakr 632-634 o Umar 634-644 o Most successful rule, established many practices and institutions of Islamic  society o Uthman 644-656 Criticized for nepotism, murdered Authoritative version of Qur’an
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o Ali 656-661 Civil war, criticized by Aisha for not dealing harshly enough with Uthman’s  murderers Accepted arbitration, murdered by group who saw both sides to deviate from 
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course REL 1000 taught by Professor Gueno during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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