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Unformatted text preview: • Jihadists o Crisis of religious authority (Usama Bin Laden, Wahhabism, Taliban) Modern Reform Movements o Different meanings of reform o Embracing Enlightenment ideals + Islam • Some seek to liberate Islam from ulama and heir exclusive authority to interpret Shariah • Some enforce local custom as “Islamic” • Some have extended more political power to religious leaders • Some seek synergy between modernity and Islam o Ijtihad o Revitalizing “traditional” intellectualism, adaptation to changing circumstances, interpretation o Avenues of “Reform” taken by Sayyib Qutb, Ayatollah Khomeini, Taliban, Wahhabism, Usama bin Laden, Amina Wadud, Imam Feisal Rauf 15:53 15:53...
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- Spring '08
- oil wealth, Ayatollah Khomeini, Usama Bin Laden, Modern Reform Movements