test 3 religion review

test 3 religion review - Test 3 Christianity New Testament...

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Test 3 Christianity New Testament o Paul (50-65) Earliest part of new testament His writings are the earliest written of the pieces that make it into the bible about Jesus. o Gospel authors are unknown; they were written by unknown authors and then dedicated to their teacher (seen as honorary then) o Proto-Mark: An earlier version of the Mark gospel o Mark (60s) Matthew (70s) Luke (80s) Matthew and Luke seem to be very similar to Mark and the Unknown source, Q o Q: quella, or source o John (90s): last gospel written. Shows a whole lot of theology that had already been developed. Not only Jesus’ life, but also what it meant. Jesus was the “word” or logos Jesus was God from the beginning and always is God. o 170-200 “fourfold gospel” usage: clear usage of the four gospels and putting them together as the fourfold gospels and all other gospels are to be rejected. o 367: canon on New testament canonization: process taken to create a sacred text. Earliest Christians only had either the Hebrew Bible, or maybe one of Paul’s letters (since they were sent to the public and churches were questions were asked). Jesus: idea of Jesus as incarnation of God took time to develop, and is not fully formed during Jesus’ life. There were lots of different views and variety, only 300 years later was there some orthodoxy, one official story that becomes the official Christian story. o Not much historical information about Jesus, during his life o Birth (4BC) o Baptism: o Ministry: heart of gospel found here Faith healing: goes around healing people Apostles: his early followers Teachings: Love Heaven (Kingdom of God) Forgiveness
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Repentance: acknowledging mistakes and asking for forgiveness Validates Jewish law, but says you can’t follow them all alone. Makes the laws more extreme, o Purpose was to prove that you can’t follow it, so you need God to help. Loving your enemies, however, is important but you try and typically fail, so you need God to succeed. o Differs from Judaism here in that you need God as a savior, where in Judaism you need God because of the covenant. o Crucifixion Most people at time thought Jesus was going to liberate the Jewish people by getting rid of the Romans and create self-rule with a peaceful existence. When he was crucified, it messed up that hope. o Resurrection: the resurrection, in a sense gave insight into his life. His life echoed many other faith healers, but by resurrecting he separated himself. His coming back to life makes the things that occurred during his life take on a new meaning. o Messiah: perfected or enlightened one, “anointed one” Jews saw this as a political savior.
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test 3 religion review - Test 3 Christianity New Testament...

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