ch12 psyc - Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed,...

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Unformatted text preview: Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of spet I might select doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. John Broadus Watson (1930) Scientists are going to discover many subtle genetic factors in the makeup of human beings. Those discoveries will challenge the basic concepts of equality on which our society is based." David Baltimore (1983), to R. Reeves, Kansas City Times Ch. 12: Development Materials in this lecture are copyrighted 2010 by Stephanie Seiler, or are considered fair-use. 2 What is Developmental Psychology? Developmental research in psychology attempts to explain how change and stability in our senses, behaviors, cognition, identity, personality, and even moral reasoning occur throughout the lifespan. Our development is affected by both genetics/heredity (nature) and environment (nurture). 3 Nature or Nurture? Mostly nature? Infant temperament (personality) Easy babies Difficult babies Slow-to-warm-up babies Mostly nurture? Attachment to parent Parenting styles Both? Cognitive development 4 Nature or Nurture? Mostly nature? Infant temperament (personality) Easy babies Difficult babies Slow-to-warm-up babies Mostly nurture? Attachment to parent Parenting styles Both? Cognitive development 5 Attachment Still face movie Harlows monkeys 6 Attachment, cont. The Strange Situation and attachment styles Secure : balance between seeking contact with caregiver and exploring environment Avoidant : tends to ignore or avoid caregiver after separation Ambivalent : acts angry and rejects caregivers efforts at contact Disorganized : infants behavior is inconsistent, disturbed, or disturbing 7 Nature or Nurture? Mostly nature? Infant temperament (personality) Easy babies Difficult babies Slow-to-warm-up babies Mostly nurture? Attachment to parent Parenting styles Both? Cognitive development 8 Parenting Styles and Outcomes For Children Authoritative Children friendly, cooperative, self-reliant, and socially responsible Authoritarian Children unfriendly, distrustful, and withdrawn Permissive Children immature, dependent, and unhappy (spoiled brats) Rejecting/Neglecting *If you dont like the way your parents raised you , you need to make a conscious effort to do it differently with your own children! 9 10 Nature or Nurture?...
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ch12 psyc - Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed,...

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