MS264 Final Exam Topics - Kevin Phillips MS264 Molly Niesen...

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Kevin Phillips MS264 Molly Niesen Final Exam Spring 1. In McChesney’s The Problem of the Media, he describes how democratic theory requires three base points that must be reached through journalism. McChesney notes journalism must protect the citizens by keeping a close eye on and write about all people who revolve around power and wealth. He also says that journalism must strive to weed out lies from truth. Finally, McChesney says journalism must serve to supply citizens with educated opinions on various key issues. All of this is mentioned to protect citizens and to inform the public with informed professional opinions to induce an intelligent knowledgeable society (57) 5 . 2. While the First Amendment right ensures the freedom of press and speech, the government actually has the power to regulate the media in certain aspects. McChesney includes the famous opinion of Hugo Black commenting, “The assumption that the widest possible dissemination of information from diverse and antagonistic sources is essential to the welfare of the public”. Essentially Hugo intends to say that incorporating antitrust regulations and limiting companies from becoming large corporations or companies is beneficial to the public sake of access to many different sources of opinions and arguments. This power was enacted with the “landmark” case of 1945 Associated Press v. U.S. (236 – 237) 5 . 3. In the preface of McChesney’s The Problem of the Media, he notes that liberal media bias is a complete myth in the U.S. He says that this myth is of “recent vintage” and is essentially incorrect because of the overwhelming amount of right-wing influence present in media. Later McChesney says that the release of many high selling books critiquing this “leftward tilt” between 2001 and 2003 caused journalists to overlook the influence of right-wing politics in the media. In a final slam of the topic, McChesney destroys the “evidence” that it has been proven that most journalists vote democratically therefore they give off this liberal bias; While this may be true, he says that most of the company owners are overwhelmingly republican and more than likely have control over how journalists can write (9,98) 5 . 4. The three biases of commercial pressures on professional journalism include: reduction in cost, increase in entertainment news, and having official sources. McChesney commented that professionalism today no longer has hierarchy above commercial pressure and news content displays this fact. For example, the news and internet today is filled with attention-grabbing stories. Therefore, McChesney says that journalism’s tilt toward commercial journalism and society’s crave for this kind of
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2011 for the course MS 264 taught by Professor Niesen during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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MS264 Final Exam Topics - Kevin Phillips MS264 Molly Niesen...

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