lecture19.0305 - Don't Forget! Gary Snyder Reading...

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1 Don’t Forget! Gary Snyder Reading Thursday, March 6 8:00 Rackham Auditorium (Note: Welcome by Geoff Eley, Linda Gregerson & Keith Taylor at 7:30) Part of the conference: ”Writing in Public: A Celebration of Karl Pohrt” March 6-7
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2 Finishing up on domestication: Associations to Note Across Settings : environmental change : population increase : settled village life : social complexity (specialists: religious, political, laboring) : expansions and movements of people --> example, the introduction of iron working set the stage for the rapid expansion of the Bantu farmers from Western Africa across southern Africa --> this expansion in turn associated with the formation of complex kingdoms throughout sub-Saharan Africa well before European contact
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3 Two Sets of Explanatory Models 1. Risk Models: application of management concepts to early foragers--assumption that humans are everywhere risk reduction strategizers--a problem-oriented approach 2. Ecological Models: more interesting in some respects (although they absorb some of the arguments of the risk management models--but into a more complex whole); treat human populations and cultures as systems in relationship with larger ecosystems -- better job of accounting for incremental changes in record
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4 Ecological Models in Mexico 1. The ancestry of maize 2. Kent Flannery: the ecological model 3.Tehuacan Valley -- Slow Shift in Diet -- Interaction with organization -- Plant genetics An opportunity! Kent Flannery “The Creation of Agriculture: so Easy a Cave Man Could do it” Rackham Amphitheatre Tuesday, March 11 4:00 pm
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5 Tehuacan Valley Subsistence Trends Over Time (% of Diet) Wild Period Hunting Horticulture Plants ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 6500-5000 BC 54% 6% 40% 5000-3500 BC 34% 14% 52% 3500-2500 BC 25% 25% 50% 2500-1000 BC 29% 40% 31% -----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Back to Snyder: Approaches to Foraging, Agriculture & Making a Living Approaching foragers: why do we care about them anyway? Paradoxes: a. Contemporary foragers as examples of our own past? b. Contemporary foragers as not an example at all -- fully 20th century (or 21st century)? c.
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lecture19.0305 - Don't Forget! Gary Snyder Reading...

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