CJA-204-Prisons and Jails

CJA-204-Prisons and Jails - Page 1 United States Prison and...

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Page 1 United States Prison and Jail Systems
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United States Prison and Jail Systems Page 2 In the United States of America, prisons are a place where a convicted felon may be transferred to in order to serve the sentence they receive as punishment for the crime(s) they have committed. An inmate is physically confined and typically deprived of a variety of personal freedoms. There are four types of prisons in the US, minimum, medium, maximum and supermax. A minimum security prison is a prison with the lowest level of security that an inmate can be directly assigned to. Typically, this prison is referred to as a “Prison Farm” known for its work-oriented facility, and is reserved usually for “White Collar” criminals. A medium security prison provides firm supervision and exterior and interior control of the inmates. Inmates detained in this type of facility may possess a moderate risk of escape, as well
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as harm to other inmates, staff and the way the prison is run. Program opportunities and jobs exist should the inmate be willing to comply with the institutions rules and regulations. A maximum prison facility is designed and constructed to provide maximum external and internal control over the inmates. Supervision of inmates within a maximum security facility is constant in the form of physical barriers, check points and high security perimeters. Inmates of this status pose high escape risks and serious threats to themselves, other inmates within the prison, prison staff, and the orderly running of the institution. A supermax facility provides maximum security far beyond that of the maximum security prison. This type of prison houses the “worst of the worst” criminals and terrorists who pose national threats to the nation’s
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CJA-204-Prisons and Jails - Page 1 United States Prison and...

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