Aspects of Psychology

Aspects of Psychology - The social-cognitive theory of...

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The social-cognitive theory of personality is basically a development on the earlier work of the behaviorists, such as Skinner and Watson, who held a fairly simplistic view that environment was the sole determinant of personality. Albert Bandura, while accepting the basic premise of the behaviorists, suggested that while environment shaped the personality, personality also shaped the individuals environment in an interdependent way. This is his so called principle of Reciprocal Determinism. (1) He expanded further on this theme to say that not only did environmental and personality interacted, a third factor, internal processing also had a part to play. Internal processing was his term for the cognitive component of personality, the way we perceive ourselves and our environment and how we make sense of it and shape it. The theory is attractive because it has held up well under scientific scrutiny. It also offers a good model of the process of growth and maturation in that it allows for early infancy stages where environment is a major determinant, and the infant’s ability to control its environment and cognitive function are missing. As the child matures and
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2011 for the course STATS 202 taught by Professor Emil during the Spring '11 term at Aberystwyth University.

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Aspects of Psychology - The social-cognitive theory of...

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