SCI 275 - Week 9 - Mitigation Plan

SCI 275 - Week 9 - Mitigation Plan - Running Head: WATER...

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Running Head: WATER RESOURCES Water Resources: Mitigation Strategies and Solution Name: Axia College SCI 275 Water Resources: Mitigation Strategies and Solution Water is one of the most important and abundant resources on Earth. Most of the earth is comprised of water, but it is often managed poorly. Humans improperly use water, causing water contamination and depletion. Also, in developing nations, there are only limited water resources, most of which are contaminated. A majority of developed countries have a water pollution problem. The most effective approach for eliminating water resources problems on Earth is by creating a Mitigation Plan that will implement procedures for practicing water conservation, reducing water pollution, increasing water in exhausted areas, and creating water sustainment strategies. Water Problems: Contamination, Depletion, and Water Shortage Primarily, the three main resources problems are water pollution, the exhaustion of natural water resources, and inadequate water supply in developing nations. Water pollution is contaminated water unsuitable for human purposes, especially consumption. Polluted water can have damaging effects on the health of humans and the environment. Additionally, water contamination frequently contributes to water depletion in many aquifers, lakes, estuaries, and rivers. Water depletion is the diminution of natural water resources until they become scarce. For instance, many aquifers are currently threatened by water depletion. A large aquifer known as "the Ogallala Aquifer, is currently 1
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experiencing water shortage in some areas [because] farmers are drawing water from the Ogallala Aquifer as much as 40 times faster than nature replaces it" (Berg and Hager, 2007). Other sources of water are also being threatened by water shortages resulting from agricultural and human uses. Continually exhausting these important water reserves will become a major issue that causes a world crisis. Problems that contribute to and Affect Poor Water Resources Primarily, living and non-living factors contribute to and are affected by water resources problems. People contribute to destroying, polluting, and exhausting water resources. This results with humans suffering the direct consequences of water problems. For instance, sicknesses such as cholera and dysentery are caused by polluted water. Furthermore, water pollution contributes to both point source and non-point source pollution. Point source pollution is discharged into the environment through pipes, sewers, or ditches from factories or sewage treatment plants (Berg and Hager, 2007). Point source pollution contributes to biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in fishes. Eutrophication destroys aquatic populations residing in lakes and rivers. Non-point
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SCI 275 - Week 9 - Mitigation Plan - Running Head: WATER...

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