Hobbes Hobbes' crucial first argument is that before society existed, there was what he dubs the 'state of nature'. He held that this lawless state was a time of everyone for themselves. If someone wanted what his neighbor had, he would simply take it, and probably kill the neighbor in the process. Hobbes had a very bleak view of humanity, and famously declared that life in the state of nature would be nasty, brutish and short. According to Hobbes, there is no absolute good or evil, no innate moral code which regulates people's behavior (a popular idea during his time - most fully and influentially explicated in the writings of Aquinas); there are only lusts and desires. In the state of nature people would do whatever was necessary to satisfy these desires, unfettered by any considerations of conscience. Since the resources of the world are finite, people would have to fight to get what they wanted, to take it away from others.
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.