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Unformatted text preview: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HANDBOOK COMPANION DOCUMENT TO MIL-STD-1916 This handbook is for guidance only. Do not cite this document as a requirement. AMSC N/A AREA QCIC NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE MIL-HDBK-1916 10 February 1999 MIL-HDBK-1916 ii FOREWORD 1. This handbook is approved for use by all Departments and Agencies of the Department of Defense. This document provides guidance on the use of MIL-STD-1916 to defense contractors and other commercial organizations supplying goods and services to the U.S. Government. The most significant difference between MIL-STD-1916 and previous product acceptance Military Standards is its emphasis on process-oriented improvement efforts. MIL-STD-1916 promotes the use of alternate methods of acceptance to sampling, and specifically endorses the implementation and use of a statistical process control (SPC) program. In compliance with DoD procurement quality strategy, MIL-STD-1916 emphasizes prevention. Furthermore, MIL-STD-1916 allows freedom on the part of suppliers to develop, plan, and implement their own quality system in so far as it is prevention-oriented and founded on the principles of continuous improvement of process and product quality. The standard also provides a series of zero-based sampling plans that can be used for product acceptance. 2. This handbook is for guidance only. This handbook cannot be cited as a requirement; if it is, the contractor does not have to comply. 3. Continuous quality improvement is a basic concept currently embedded in the DoD/Defense Industries Quality Excellence Program. The DoD has stated that Military and Federal Specifications that prescribe fixed levels of nonconformances, such as Acceptable Quality Levels (AQLs) and Lot Tolerance Percent Defectives (LTPDs), inhibit quality improvements and effective competition based on excellence, and should be eliminated. While Military and Federal Specifications may continue to utilize sampling techniques, DoD procurement activities have been instructed not to include prescribed AQLs, LTPDs, or other requirements for allowable levels of nonconformances. 4. The discontinued use of specifications incorporating AQLs and LTPDs, and contractual reference to standards based on them, left a serious void in the procurement quality assessment. The avoidance of language in procurement documents and standards which could be construed as allowing any nonconformances, led to the adoption of plans with acceptance numbers (c) of zero. In response to this mandate to not specify fixed levels of nonconformances in procurement, MIL-STD-1916 was developed by a committee comprised of volunteer members from education, government, and industry. This standard can be used in lieu of MIL-STD-105, MIL-STD-414, MIL-STD-1235, ANSI/ASQC Z1.4, and ANSI/ASQC Z1.9....
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