INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY

INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY - Lecture on CHRISTIANITY 80...

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Lecture on CHRISTIANITY 80 I. A Basic Introduction Approximately 2.1 Billion converts worldwide. “Of all the great religions Christianity is the most widespread and has the most number of adherents.” [Smith, 317] ‘Nearly two thousand years of history have brought an astonishing diversity to this religion” [Smith, 317] Christianity has three major divisions: Roman Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , and Protestantism . Christianity is basically an historical religion. In other words, it is developed not on abstract principles, but in concrete events and actual historic events. The most important of these events is the life of a Jewish carpenter named Jesus . II. The Historical Jesus – 100% normal. Born in Palestine during the reign of Herod the Great around 4 BC . Grew up in or near a town called Nazareth Trained in Jews. Baptized by John the Baptist, a prophet who was shocking people with his message of the coming judgment of God. Began His three (3) year earthly ministry at age 30. His ministry consisted of healing the sick and proclaiming the gospel (The Good News). Incurred the hostility of the Jewish religious leaders Incurred the suspicion of Rome. Sentenced to death at the age of 33, and crucifixion on the outskirts of Jerusalem. A. Three (3) characteristics of the earthly ministry of Jesus: a) He was exceptionally s____________ to and e____________ by the Spirit world. b) He depended upon Spirit e_______________ to alleviate human suffering. c) He effected a new social order of g______ as opposed to l____________.
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B. The three (3) characteristics of Jesus’ earthly ministry as referenced in the Bible: 1. “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me.” In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus began His ministry by quoting this statement from the book of Isaiah. “We must attend to this Spirit that Jesus experienced as empowering Him, for there can be no understanding of His life and work if the Spirit is omitted” [Smith, 319] “That Jesus stood in the Jewish tradition of Spirit-filled mediators is the most important fact for understanding his historical career” [Smith 320] 2. “By the Spirit of God I Cast out Demons.” Jesus, like the other Spirit-filled individuals in the Bible, possessed exceptional power. In other words, they had something that ordinary people lack. That something is the Spirit. The power Spirit enabled them to at times influence the natural course of events, e.g., Healed diseases Cast out demons Parted waters Quieted storms Caused the dead to return “A New Testament scholar comments that despite the difficulty which miracles pose for the modern mind, on historical grounds it is virtually indisputable that Jesus was a healer and an exorcist.” [Smith, 320]. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2011 for the course PHIL 1304 taught by Professor Dr.darlynhoward during the Spring '11 term at Dallas Colleges.

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INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY - Lecture on CHRISTIANITY 80...

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