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INTRODUCTION TO JUDAISM The chosen people Jewish- Righteousness, Gentiles- Unrighteousness About 20-3- million adherents in Judaism. Judaism has provided the historical foundation for two of the world’s largest religions: Christianity and Islam . The main belief of Judaism is that there is an all-powerful God with whom Jews have a personal relationship . Origins and Development Historic Judaism teaches that Jews are “the chosen” through whom God has spoken to the world and revealed how to live in accordance with his laws. [Breuilly, 25] Abraham, believed to have lived around 1900 BCE, is regarded as father of the Jewish people. The Jewish scriptures record how God made covenant or agreement with Abraham that his descendents would be God’s chosen people and become a great nation. The people were required to obey God’s laws as their part of the covenant. This agreement is known as the Abrahamic Covenant . Genesis 12:1-3 records this covenant:. .. Know Genesis 12:1-3 FOR TEST!!! “The Lord had said to Abraham, ‘Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you. I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and will be a blessing. I will bless them that bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse.’” Abraham obeyed God and searched for the Promised Land, and after many years of wandering they ended up in a place named Canaan. During their travel God tested Abraham’s faith by asking him to sacrifice his son Isaac. But at the last minute God interrupted the sacrifice. Then God repeated his promise to Abraham that he would become the father of a great nation. Abraham – the only person in the Bible described as God’s friend. Their relationship included debate even argument. Moses —(1) raised by Pharaoh’s(king of egypt) daughter from an infant, (2) fled Egypt after killing an Egyptian slave master for mistreating an Israelite;(3) commanded by God to return to Egypt and tell the Egyptian Pharaoh, “Let my people go.” Pharaoh refused
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and God sent 10 plagues. (4) Became the lawgiver to the Israelites after God revealed to him the Ten Commandments. (5) Moses did not enter the Promised Land The Ten Commandments – Ten main commandments dealing with the people’s relationship with God and with each other. Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy5: 6-22. List of commandments 1. You shall have no other God's before me. 2. You shall not make yourself graven images, you shall not bow down to them, or serve them. 3.You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain. 4.Observe the Sabbath day to keep it holy 5.Honor your father and mother. 6.You shall not kill 7.You shall not commit adultery 8.You shall not steal 9.You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor 10.You shall not covet your neighbors wife or anything that is your neighbors. The Promised Land
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