soci lecture 3

soci lecture 3 - From a Round World to a Flat World...

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From a “Round World” to a “Flat World”” Understanding the Technological Forces Behind Globalization SOCI0064: Globalization and Information Society: Myths, Facts and Emerging Patterns Week 3 Dr. L. Cho, PhD E-mail: [email protected] DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
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General Housekeeping Tutorial starts this Wednesday Essay Due: Feb 9, 2011 Note additional readings on course website (Week 3): http://www.hku.hk/sociodep/html/soci0064.html Reconsidering cultural imperialism theory http://www.tbsjournal.com/Archives/Spring01/white .html An evaluation of the criticism http://www.tbsjournal.com/Archives/Spring01/white 2.html
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Objectives for Lecture 3 Review key theories framing the globalization debate Understand the forces behind globalization
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SPACE : Extensiveness of global networks SPEED : Velocity of global interactions REGULARITY : Intensity of global interactions DEPTH : Impac t of global interconnections all converging against the backdrop of information technology What makes YOUR Globalization of Today Different from Your Granny’s Globalization?
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1. Modernization Theory 1. World-System Theory (Immanuel Wallerstein) 2. Cultural Imperialism Theory (Herbert Schiller) So Many Global Theories…
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Sees the world has a level playing field Idea of modernization emerged in 18th century (the Enlightenment period) with the idea that people themselves could develop and change their society Stresses interdependence of social institutions (Durkeim) Technological advancement necessarily led to social advancement Modernization Theory
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Identifies the social variables which contribute to social progress and development A “theory” used to analyze the social structure of societies LEDCs have role models to emulate if they wish to be prosperous and productive “Many fish in the Pond” Modernization Theory
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If poorer countries do not prosper it is because: Corrupt governments Lack of technology Failure to kindle capitalistic spark Society too backward/traditional Modernization Theory
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MT come in 3 Steps Phase 1 (1950s-1960s ): Attempts to explain the diffusion of Western styles of living (through mass media) as the superior way (this has since been discredited because of pro-Western bias) Phase 2 (1970s-1980s) : Developing countries are assumed to be dependent on mass media from the Western world (see Mass Media Dependency Theory) Phase 3 (1990s) : Tries to be more neutral neither in favour or against Western modernization Modernization Theory
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The theory of modernization may not have remained popular, but its message endures: States reorganize in an increasingly competitive environment The quest for international power and economic growth leads to substantial changes in domestic policies Societies continuously adjust to economic growth and global integration The result is growing convergence, but there may be multiple models and sharp backlashes from those fearful or unsuccessful in the process Modernization Theory
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2011 for the course SOCI 64 taught by Professor Cyc during the Spring '11 term at HKU.

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soci lecture 3 - From a Round World to a Flat World...

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