Ebola Research Paper

Ebola Research Paper - Running head: Ebola Hemorrhagic...

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Running head: Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 1 Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Jessica Davis Madera Center Microbiology 31 Professor Silva March 23, 2011 Abstract
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Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 2 Although research on Ebola in usually restricted to level 4 bio-safety laboratories, researchers posit that the Ebola virus exists in nature and can therefore be retrieved from natural reservoirs and exploited as biological weapons. Ebola has the highest transmission and lethality rates. In addition, there is no effective vaccine or treatment against Ebola. These features make the Ebola virus, an ideal biological weapon. In addition, despite the increased public awareness and scientific breakthroughs, the recent Ebola epidemics in Uganda and Congo still resulted in the death of more than five hundred people. This highlights the possible debilitating impact which can occur, if the virus was used as a biological weapon. There is therefore need for researchers to increasingly focus on developing more effective means of diagnosing and controlling the transmissions of Ebola epidemics. This will lead to the effective prevention of Ebola epidemics in Africa. Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
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Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever 3 There have been various outbreaks of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in Eastern and Central Africa. The cure has remained elusive and the key mandate has been aimed at understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. Of particular interest among researchers has been the need to understand the high virulence and accompanying lethality, with the aim of effecting appropriate control interventions during epidemic outbreaks. These efforts have been largely curtailed by the fact that research on the Ebola virus has remained restricted to specific level 4 laboratories due to its’ increased potential to be used for bioterrorism. While there is need to recognize the danger this virus poses, it is imperative to realize the fact that the Ebola virus is the most lethal virus and yet can be retrieved from natural reservoirs and used as a bio-weapon. There is therefore need for researchers to apply additional effort on developing better means of: diagnosing, preventing and controlling Ebola outbreaks. Introduction: Definition and Characteristics The Ebola virus causes hemorrhagic fever both in human beings and in non human primates (Towner et al., 2008). The Ebola virus is a member of the Filoviridae viruses . The Filoviridae family is characterized by enveloped, filamentous viruses with single stranded ribonucleic acid (Borio et al., 2002). The occurrence of the Ebola epidemics has been restricted to the African continent. The first cases of Ebola were reported in 1976 in both Congo and Sudan. Subsequent infections have featured: Southern Sudan in 1979, Cote d' Ivoire and Gabon outbreaks in 1994, democratic republic of Congo in 1995, Uganda in 2001 and the latest 2009 epidemic in Congo (Hayman et al., 2010). This geographic preference could possibly be attributed to the climatic conditions. To date, five different strains of the Ebola virus have been identified in Africa and
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Ebola Research Paper - Running head: Ebola Hemorrhagic...

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