Micro Lecture 1

Micro Lecture 1 - Biology 31 Microbiology Lecture 1...

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Biology 31 Microbiology Lecture 1 Introduction to Microbiology What is Microbiology? Micro = small Bio = life Ology = the study of The study of small life Microorganisms Disciplines in Microbiology Bacteriology Bacteria Virology Viruses Protozoology Protozoa Mycology Fungi Parasitology Parasite Microbial Anatomy Microbial structure Microbial Physiology Microbial function Microbial genetics Microbial inheritance Pathology Pathogens (diseases) Epidemiology Spread of diseases Immunology Host defenses Types of Microorganisms Bacteria Archaea Archebacteria Fungi Molds Yeasts
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Protozoa Parasitic diseases Algae Autotrophic/photosynthetic Produce toxins Viruses Obligate parasites Helminths Parasite worms Bacteria Unicellular Prokaryotic Simple cells lacking true nucleus Small Three basic shapes Bacillus Rod Connected because of binary division Coccus Sphere Tend to group together for some bacteria Chains Groups Clusters Clumps Pairs Spirillum Spiral With flagella Variety of shapes Spirochete organisms Most have cell walls including peptidoglycan Autotrophic Organism producing its own source of food as in Chemosythesis Self feeding Plants for example Heterotrophic Other feeding Must consume energy source from outside itself Carbonized energy Most apt to cause disease in humans
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Archea Unicellular Prokaryotic Lack cell wall with peptidoglycan Autotrophic OR heterotrophic Many occur in extreme conditions Little to no significance in human disease Fungi Most multicellular Few unicellular Eukaryotic Large
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2011 for the course BIO 31 taught by Professor Silva during the Spring '11 term at Reedley.

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Micro Lecture 1 - Biology 31 Microbiology Lecture 1...

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