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Pathogen Project Pathogens HIV

Pathogen Project Pathogens HIV - Causative agent Human...

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Uknown Magnification Kaposi's Sacroma Causative agent: Human immunodeficiency Syndrome Category: Retrovirus Group: Group VI (ssRNA-RT) Family: Retroviridae Genus: Lentivirus Species: Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Disease: HIV is the retrovirus agent that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), Infects CD4 + T-lymphocytes and macrophages. High mutation rates and camouflage complicate immune defense and treatment. Immunosuppression, opportunistic infections, lymphadenopathy, Kaposi's Sarcoma, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, hepatitis, lymphocytosis, pharyngitis, anorexia. Human immunodeficiency virus (commonly known as HIV, and formerly known as HTLV-III and lymphadenopathy-associated virus) is a retrovirus that primarily infects vital components of the human immune system such as CD4+ T cells, macrophages and dendritic cells. It also directly and indirectly destroys CD4+ T cells. As CD4+ T cells are required for the proper functioning of the immune system, when enough CD4+ T cells have been destroyed by HIV, the immune system functions poorly, leading to the syndrome known as AIDS. HIV also directly attacks
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