anatomy Ch27h - Human Anatomy McKinley & O'Loughlin...

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Human Anatomy Chapter 27: Urinary System General Structure and Functions of the Urinary System The kidneys are the organs that produce urine. The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra are collectively known as the urinary tract. Functions of the Urinary System 1. Removing waste products from the bloodstream 2. Storage of urine 3. Excretion of urine 4. Blood volume regulation 5. Regulation of erythrocyte production The Kidneys Superficial Anatomy of the Kidney Paired organs located on either side of the vertebral column Between T 12 3 The renal hilum Connective Tissues Coverings of the Kidneys Fibrous capsule Perinephric fat Renal fascia Paranephric fat
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Sectional Anatomy of the Kidney Renal Cortex Renal Medulla Renal pyramids Renal papillae Renal calyces o Major calyx o Minor calyx Renal Columns Renal Lobe Renal sinus Blood Supply to the Kidneys Renal artery Segmental artery Interlobar artery o Arcuate artery Interlobular artery Afferent arteriole Glomerulus Efferent arteriole Peritubular capillaries (cortex) or Vasa recta (medulla)
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anatomy Ch27h - Human Anatomy McKinley & O'Loughlin...

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