American Musical -Roots in Vaudeville and european operas. Focuses on plot rather than individual song. Hammerstein developed.\ Aria- An expressive melody that is commonly used in opera. A musical monologue. "Da capo arias" are arias in ternary form. Concert arias are arias for concert performance. Arrigo Boito (1842-1918 ) - Wrote the libretto for Verdi's "Otello" which premiered in Milan in 1887. Ballet Russes (1909-1929) - Ballet company that first performed Petrushka. Brought Russian music and dance to Paris. Founded by Sergei Diaghilev. Duet- A musical composition for 2 people or instruments. Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901) - Italian romantic composer. Mostly wrote operas. Composed the music for Otello (premiered in 1887) Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) - A russian modernist composer. Worked with Ballet Russes where he produced his 3 famous ballets: The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring. 3 periods: russian, neoclassic, serial. Jerome
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