{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

anthro101lec15.feb13.y08 - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 LECTURE 15...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTHROPOLOGY 101 02.13.08 LECTURE 15 Becoming Human 2 I. Other evidence of Homo erectus mental & social life 1. Fire: The use of fire raises the stakes for a number of behaviors that impact on social life--think, for one thing, of how pleasant it is to hang around a fire at night, the social interactions that occur --> but also important for cooking and warmth --> the earliest evidence for human use of fire for cooking comes from South Africa and dates from 1 to 1.3 million years ago (these are from evidence of burned bones, the cracks of which reveal temperatures higher than natural fire will produce); undisputed fire pits date from 700,000 years ago from a site in Thailand 2. Shelter: Did Homo erectus build shelters and have a sense of “home” comparable to our own? The jury is out--no doubt some populations, especially at the early years, hung out in trees at night--a safe place to sleep, after all. --> earliest evidence of constructed shelters dates from just 400,000 years ago from Terra Amata in France--this is at the later end of the period for H. erectus and is thought to be the remains of a hunting camp; demonstrates that (if it was indeed H. erectus ) that this species definitely had the capacity to build shelters and occupy them --> sense of home life still up in the air; likely that H. Erectus had a sense of territory but the extent to which they ranged around in that territory is unknown 3. Symbol: Again, arguable about whether H. Erectus or some other species of Homo is responsible, but evidence of designs and “symbolic” uses of color emerge in the neighborhood of 300,000 yrs ago --> earliest rock carvings date from this period (India) --> evidence of colored pigment used on human bones (on all 3 continents) --> scrapings of design on animal bone (ox ribs in France) 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTHROPOLOGY 101 02.13.08 LECTURE 15 Becoming Human 2 II. Geographic spread A. There is no question but that East Africa was the incubator of humanity for the saga of evolutionary history from Australopithecus through Homo erectus --all hominid species up to this point clearly originate in this area--this is where all the evolutionary action is B. With H. erectus , however, we get the first spread of our genus out of Africa--this is likely to have occurred some 1.5 to 2 million yrs ago --> and the spread was to every major region of the Old World not covered by ice. --> H. erectus remains are the first of our genus to be found in a variety of ecosystems, from the tropics and savannah to the temperate regions near the glaciated regions of Europe and northern China; from here to Indonesia and, of course, Africa --> interesting, by the way, that the Acheulean technologies we associate with Homo erectus are not characteristic of this whole area; India and SE Asian technologies are far less reliant on stone--very likely making use of bamboo --> evidence for the first time of the same species using different adaptive strategies in different environments --> in other words, a decoupling of survival strategies from morphological changes C.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern