EDHD 320. study guide exam 2

EDHD 320. study guide exam 2 - Exam 2 Study Guide 1....

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Exam 2 Study Guide 1. Nutrition/Physical Development: Eating patterns at different ages : Early childhood : many children become unpredictable, picky eaters as a result of slowed growth, wariness to new foods Middle childhood : less picky, need for a healthy balanced diet Adolescence: dramatic increase in food intake due to puberty Obesity : is a greater than 20% increase over average body weight, based on an individual’s age, sex, and physical build Causes - overweight parents, Low SES, parents’ feeding practices, low physical activity, television Associated outcomes - feeling unattractive, stereotyping, teasing, social isolation, depression, emotional problems, school problems, reduced life chances, health problems (high blood pressure/ cholesterol) Solutions – family based intervention, diet and lifestyle interventions work best for less severe cases Motor development : Early childhood : gross - balance improves, gait smooth and rhythmic by age 2, upper and lower body skills combine into more refined action by age 5, greater speed and endurance. Fine - self-help which include dressing, eating, drawing Middle childhood: gross – gain of 4 basic motor capacities (flexibility, balance, agility, force). Fine – can write alphabet, first and last names and 1 -10 but handwriting is large Puberty: primary characteristics – involve the reproductive organs (ovaries, uterus, and vagina; penis, scrotum, and testes) secondary sexual characteristics – are visible on the outside of the body and serve as additional signs of sexual maturity (breast, underarm and pubic hair) Differences in pubertal timing - how do early and late maturing boys and girls differ? Girls Boys Early Maturing More deviant behavior, negative body image, long –term problems Confident, independent, positive body image Late Maturing Popular, sociable, lively, school leaders, positive body image Unpopular, anxious, talkative, attention –seeking, - body image Eating disorders : Anorexia nervosa – starve out of fear of getting fat; Bulimia Nervosa – strict diet and exercise, binge and purge Teen pregnancy : factors influencing sexual activity – personal (early puberty, tendency to violate norms), family (single parent, large family, weak mental monitoring or communication), peer (sexually active friends or siblings), Educational
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2011 for the course EDHD 320 taught by Professor Parkinson during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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EDHD 320. study guide exam 2 - Exam 2 Study Guide 1....

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