Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - 1.BenefitofHumanity Someissuesobvious

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1. Benefit of Humanity - Some issues obvious - Satisfy human needs ( heat, food) - Overcome restrictions of natural world (famine, food) - Extend human faculties (energy) 2. Industrial Revolution Why study it: A) Huge impact on our modern conditions. B) In the past, societies had to pass through industrial phase - is that true today? This  issue has affected development planning. 1. Sustained Economic Growth During last 200 years come to believe that growing economy is healthy economy and  economic growth - natural state of affairs. Agricultural growth limited - local consumption or exports. Industrial growth not limited by food demands 2. New: - techniques of production factory system - technologies for making things power, textiles, metallurgy Adaptation of production methods and technologies for continual improvement, or  technological change. Why Britain? End of 18th century (c. 1780s) Britain started to become the world's first industrialized  society Natural resources Markets/economy [Table 6.1]
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Self-sufficient agriculture and surplus to support a working class Quality of life hardly changed Longevity, health Spiritual role of church unchallenged Idea of any kind of progress did not exist Societal progress: - Rule of law (Constitutional monarchy) - Democracy: stabile, efficient - Development of capitalism - Increasing middle class 2. Progress in knowledge - Protestant provided religious freedom - Learned Societies - Encyclopedia Britannica (1771) - Patents [Table 6.2 (p.g 179)] Not sudden; not discrete Instead - revolutionary changes in a few sectors
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2011 for the course STV 100 taught by Professor Campbell during the Fall '08 term at Waterloo.

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Lecture 2 - 1.BenefitofHumanity Someissuesobvious

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