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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Energyverytopical...

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Energy Characteristics Energy very topical - Supply shortages (political/economic issues) - Environment (global warming) Energy Uses Energy Demand Canada 2004 (petajoules) Total Energy demand 7,690         Total industrial 2,360 Total transportation 2350 Agriculture 210 Residential 1,310 Public administration 130 1,340 Energy Sources: The "Big Three" Hydrocarbons Petroleum, Natural Gas, Coal Characteristics - Physical state at normal temperature (liquid, solid) - Energy content - Ease of use/transport (pipeline, ship, train) Petroleum - Transportation - Heat - Chemical Feedstock: Plastics, fertilizer (oil, natural gas, coal) Long History of Use - 1860s - illumination - 1890s - internal combustion - Technology well understood Sources of Petroleum - Conventional oil - Heavy oil Petroleum critical to western economy, especially transportation. Petroleum transportation affects the way we live.
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Natural Gas - C. 1900 heating - Chemical industry - Electrical generation - Cheap - Clean Large Reserves - "wrong" location - Politics: Russia and Europe - Logistics: Middle East and North America Coal Lots of it in North America and Europe Variety of uses electricity steel industry chemicals Cheap Easy to transport Coal is primary source of electric power. Just as petroleum is primary source of energy for transportation
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Lecture 3 - Energyverytopical...

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