Ruminant Nutrition_1

Ruminant Nutrition_1 - What are Ruminants? Ruminant...

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1 Ruminant Animals: An Introduction ANSC 324 What are Ruminants? Ruminare = latin ‘to chew over’ Websters – Mammals that have evolved a highly specialized mode of digestion that enables them to ingest/digest/utilize fibrous feeds more than herbivores A cud-chewing, even toed, hooved animal Why ruminants? Ruminants obtain nourishment from forage and byproducts which people cannot directly consume Ruminants provide food, byproducts and services. Ruminant Food Products Contain valuable nutrients Provide an adequate supply of essential amino acids Small quantities can prevent protein deficiency Value of Ruminant Products Clothing, shoes Medicinals Fuel Employment Fertilizer Conservation (open plains) Cultural and religious significance Ruminant Types (based on feeding patterns)
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2 Land use: United States Urban Forest Grassland Cropland 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Special use: highways, parks, wildlife Energy recovered per energy expended 02 04 06 0 grazing land Hay and silage Feed grains Oil crops Food grains
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Ruminant Nutrition_1 - What are Ruminants? Ruminant...

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