Mythology Study Guide Quiz #1
: The void was the first thing to appear at the creation of the universe. It is
not clear how the Greeks conceived Chaos, which was not in existence from the first,
but came into being. Out of Chaos, or together with it, came Gaia (Earth), Tartarus,
and Eros (Love). Chaos bore Darkness and Night. At times Chaos was thought of as
a part of the Underworld.
: The earth, and the goddess of the earth. According to Hesiod, Ge, together
with Tartarus and Eros, was born from Chaos or at the same time. Without a mate
she bore Uranus (Sky), Ourea (Mountains), and Pontus (Sea). Then, marrying
Uranus, she bore the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Hundred-Handed. Her children
were kept in her body by Uranus and had her youngest child Cronus castrate him.
Ge bore two different children to attack Zeus when he defeated Cronus, Typhus and
The sky and the god of the sky. The first son of Ge. He married her and
she bore him the Hundred-Handed, the Cyclopes, and the Titans. He imprisoned
them inside of her and he was castrated by the youngest, Cronus. The foam that
formed around his genitals in the sea created Aphrodite. The blood that fell upon
the earth spawned the Erinyes, the Giants and the Meliae. He was the first
personification of the sky.
The firstborn children of Uranus and Ge. According to Hesiod, they were
Oceanus, god of the river of that name; Hyperion, a sun-god; Themis and Rhea, both
earth-goddesses; Tethys, who was perhaps a sea-goddess; Mnemosyne, a
personification of memory; and Coeüs, Crius, Theia, and Phoebe, whose specific
function are not clear. The youngest Titan was Cronus, the boldest. He castrated his
father for Ge and thus overthrew Uranus with the help of Zeus. The Titans who
supported Cronus were thrown into Tartarus and imprisoned there forever under
the guard of the Hundred-Handed.
Monster, each with one eye in the center of his forehead. The three
original Cyclopes – Arges, Brontes, and Steropes or Pyracmon – were born to
Uranus and Ge after the Titans. They were imprisoned by Uranus in Tartarus. They
were freed by the Titans, but again imprisoned by Cronus. Zeus released them and
they became the forgers of his thunderbolts. They continued to do so until Apollo
: Three giants, each with fifty heads and one hundred arms.
They were named Briareüs, Gyes, and Cottus, were the most terrible of all the