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Unformatted text preview: Florencia Salinas (fs4766) Mythology Study Guide Quiz #4 Orpheus : The son of a Thracian king, Oeagrus, or of Apollo, and the Muse Calliope. Some say that Apollo taught him to play the lyre. He was so good at music he could charm wild animals and trees. He married a Naiad nymph, Eurydice. Shortly after, she was chased the Aristaeus and she stepped on a snake that bit her. Orpheus mourned her death, then determined to bring her back from Hades. He went to the Underworld and was able to sing and play so beautifully that he melted the hearts of Hades and Persephone. They let him take his wife back as long as he does not look at her until they reached home. He led his wife up to the entrance of the underworld, but he feared she was not following her so he turned around to look at her. She instantly faded away. He then returned to Thrace and soon met his own death there, torn to pieces by Ciconina women raging as maenads on a mountain because he had not properly honored Dionysus. Perseus : Born of Danae in a cell in which her father had imprisoned heron learning from an oracle that a son of Danae would kill him. She claimed Perseus was born of Zeus who had visited her as a shower of gold, her father set them both adrift on sea in a chest. Zeus led it safely to the island of Seriphus where it was found by a fisherman, Dictys. He took them into his home. One day King Polydectus, Dictys brother, saw Danae and wanted to marry her, but she did not want to. He therefore falsely announced that he intended to sue for the hand of Hippodameia and required all subjects to contribute horses toward the bride-gift. Perseus promised to bring the head of Medusa. He went to Athena for help and the Graiae who gave him tools to use. Returning home, he was in Joppa when he saved Andromeda and then married her. He later returned to Seriphus and killed King Polydectus by showing him the Medusas head. He finally went back to Argos and became ruler of the land. He later did kill his father by accident at an athletic competition with a flying discus. Bellerophon : He accidently killed his brother so he was exiled from his home Ephyra. He came to the court of Proetus who purified him. His wife however, Sthenoboea t ried to seduce him, but he did not accept. Enraged, she told her husband that Bellerophon t ried to rape her. Proetus then sent him to Lycia with a letter to King Iobates which said to kill the messenger. Iobates had entertained Bellerophon for 9 days before reading the message, and he did not want to kill him so he sent him to get rid of the Chimaera. He was able to with the help of Pegasus and the gods. Iobates then sent him to conquer the Solymi, and was again able to successfully. Iobates then sent him to go against the Amazons, and again did so effortlessly. Iobates then t ried to kill him with a troop of soldiers, but Bellerophon killed Florencia Salinas (fs4766) them. Iobates offers him his daughter for marriage and half his kingdom. He later became so intoxicated by his power that he t ried to ride himself to the sky where the gods live, but...
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