Test 1 Notes.

Test 1 Notes. - TEST 1 Chapter 1 An Introduction to the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: TEST 1. Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Human Body Anatomy- the study of structures, and the relationship of those structures to the body Dissection- Cutting apart of the human body for examination Physiology- the study of the function of body parts Homeostasis- base line, many things can change homeostasis- Stressors- Environment (external)- Infection (internal)- External and internal stimuli Noninvasive Diagnostic Techniques- Inspection o Looking, general observation- Palpation o Pressing on the body structures- Auscultation o Listening- Percussion o Think drums, tapping on the body structures and listening for an echo Level of Body Organization* Chemical- atoms, combine in variable ways to form molecules Cellular-molecules arranged into specific patterns or forms to form the cellular level, functional unit Tissue- cells form tissue, collection of similar cells (similar from the point of embryonic development) that perform a common function Organs- various tissues (2 or more) make up organs, stomach as example System Level- made up of different organs, come together for one purpose Organismic Level- systems combine to make an organism Anatomical Names*- Become familiar with the anatomical names*- Ex. The chin is also known as the mental Basic Anatomical Terminology- Anatomical position- palms forward, facing forward- Prone- face down- Supine- face up- Metabolism- sum of all chemical processes- Responsiveness- how we react to the internal and external stimuli- Differentiation- specialization of cells- Autopsy- tells us the cause of death, completed postmortem- Regional names Directional Terms- Planes o Imaginary division of the body o Planes picture on test*- Sagittal plane o Divides the body or organ into left and right parts- Midsagittal (median) plane o Divides the body into left and right parts directly down the middle (equal)- Parasagittal plane o Unequal left and right parts- Frontal (coronal) plane o Divides the body into anterior and posterior (front and back)- Transverse plane o Divides the body into upper and lower parts o *What plane is perpendicular to the Midsagittal plane? Transverse plane!- Oblique plane o Diagonal plane- Section o Any part that is divided by the planes- Superior o Anything toward the head- Inferior o Anything away from the head or below- Medial o Towards the midline of the body- Lateral o Away from the midline of the body- Proximal o Closest to the point of attachment o Usually used when talking about the extremities- Distal o Further from the point of attachment- Anterior o Front- Posterior o Back Body Cavities- Spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs- Bones, muscles and ligaments separate body cavities from each other- Cranial cavity and vertebral (spinal) canal o Cranial- houses the brain o Vertebral- houses the spinal cord- Thoracic cavity (superior)- Abdominopelvic cavity (inferior)- Viscera o All organs of the body- Pericardial cavity and two pleural cavities (Fig 1.7)(Fig 1....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/12/2011 for the course KIN 2500 taught by Professor Hargroder during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 22

Test 1 Notes. - TEST 1 Chapter 1 An Introduction to the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online