PSYC 4070 FINAL EXAM-1 - Physical Development in Early...

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Physical Development in Early Adulthood Young adulthood- physical peak in strength and health. Most Athletes perform best during young adulthood. a. Age 18 to 30, peak years for speed and agility. Physical strength highest between 23-27 b. An equal percentage of men and women are unhappy with their bodies. Men are unhappy with their bodies usually want to gain weight, most women want to lose weight. This is also based on culture where “thin is in” and men suffer from obesity. c. Many first notice aging physically during their late 20’s. Women know more accurately in how others judge their appearance than men. d. Organ reserve- part of total physical capacity not normally used that allows for finishing hard tasks like racing. As you age the organ reserve decreases e. Homeostatic adjustments take longer, like blood pressure and blood sugar. f. Internal characteristic that begin their gradual decline 1. Reaction time to light 2. Speed of neural transmission g. Most physical changes in early adulthood only minimal effects in the adult’s daily life. h. Most stop growing taller in adolescence but other growth continues in young adulthood: Females breast and hips develop and males shoulder and upper arm growth. i. Regular physical recreation and exercise can maintain physical condition through adulthood. Exercise is associated with increased brain mass, improved thinking, mood regulation, and new cell growth. 1. Cardiovascular and pulmonary efficiency decreases in early adulthood, recovery from exertion takes much longer. 2. Maximum cardiac output reached between 20 and 30.
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Basal Metabolic Rate- oxygen consumed while resting decreases throughout life. j. Adults notice declines in body shape/energy, and gains in weight k. In their 30’s people tend to notice declines in eyesight. After 25 visual acuity decreases (the ability to resolve fine details) and sensitivity to light decreases. Between 30 and 45 lens of the eye loses power and elasticity. 1. Nearsighted tend to be more nearsighted (myopia) farsighted tend to be more farsighted. l. Hearing- we hear high frequencies better if we heard sounds any softer we’d hear blood in our own arteries. After 25 hearing tends to decrease in the high frequency. m. Psychomotor slowness- reaction time starts increasing from 20-25 Compensation- learning to compensate for declines due to ageing. Women and pregnancy a. Most women give birth during young adulthood. The pregnancy last about 280 days with a 20inch long fetus 6-8 pounds b. Women experience physical changes especially in the midsection but also things like heartburn and shortness of breath as well as frequent urination. c. Breast produce colostrum in the milk which is rich in nutrients and antibodies. 7 basic health habits
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2011 for the course PSYC 4070 taught by Professor Rosenthal during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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PSYC 4070 FINAL EXAM-1 - Physical Development in Early...

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