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Psyc 4070 TEST 2

Psyc 4070 TEST 2 - Developmental Psychology 4070 CHAPTER 8...

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Developmental Psychology 4070 CHAPTER 8 The body and the brain develop according to powerful epigenetic forces, biologically driven as well as socially guided, experience-expectant and experience-dependent. During the play years, children become slimmer as the lower body lengthens and baby fat turns to muscle. The body mass index (BMI, the ratio of weight to height) is lower at age 5 than at any other age in the entire life span. The center of gravity in a child moves from the breastbone to the belly button, enabling cartwheels and many other motor skills. Each year from ages 2-6 well nourished children” -Add almost 3 inches each year (about 7 cm) -Gain about 4 ½ lbs (2 kg) By the age of 6, the average child in a developed nation weighs about 46 lbs (21 kg) and is about 46 in (117 cm) tall. Typical 6 year old: -At least 3.5 feet tall -Weighs between 40-50 lbs -Looks lean, not chubby -Has adult like body proportions Children of African decent tend to be the tallest followed by European, Asians, then Latino. Body sizes are especially variable among children of African descent. However, height differences within groups are greater than the average differences between groups. Young children-especially modern children, who play outdoors less than their parents or grandparents did- need far fewer calories per pound of body weight. Consequently, appetite decreases between ages 2 and 6. Instead of appreciating this natural development, many parents force their kids into eating MORE. Although most children in developed nations consume enough calories, they do not always obtain adequate iron, zinc, and calcium. This is because children today drink less milk, and more soda. Therefore, SUGAR is another problem. Sugars cause tooth decay, the most common disease of young children in developed nations. Sweetened drinks and cereals that are advertised as containing 100 percent of a day’s vitamin requirements are a poor substitute for a balanced diet for many reasons besides their high sugar content. One is that some essential nutrients have probably not yet been identified, much less listed on food labels. Another is that fresh fruits and vegetables provide more than vitamins: they provide other diet essentials, such as fiber and fat.
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Many young children are quite compulsive about daily routine, including meals. They insist on eating only certain foods, prepared and placed in a particular way. This is rigidly known as the “just right” or “just so” phenomenon. 75% of parents said that their children’s “just right” age peaked at about age 3 -They had a strong preference to wear (or not wear) certain clothes -They prepared for bedtime by engaging in a special activity, routine, or ritual -They had strong preferences about certain foods Most children exhibit normal age dependent obsessive compulsive behaviors that usually are good by the middle of childhood.
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Psyc 4070 TEST 2 - Developmental Psychology 4070 CHAPTER 8...

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