Psyc_4070 book notes

Psyc_4070 book notes - Psyc 4070 Test 1 Chapters: 1-6...

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Psyc 4070 Test 1 Chapters: 1-6 Chapter 1 Science of Human Development: Seeks to understand how and why people of all kinds, from all places, change or remain the same over time. - SCIENCE-(developmental study is a science) that depends on critical thinking, data, theories, analysis, and sound methodology. -The goal is to understand “how” and “why” to discover the processes of development and the reasons for it. -Empirical-Based on data. -DIVERSITY-We study all kinds of people. These people are young and old; rich and poor; of every ethnicity, background, sexual orientation, culture, and nationality. -Developmental scientists seek to convey both generalities and specifics. -CONNECTIONS BETWEEN CHANGE AND TIME-Change or remain the same over time. -Consistencies of Human life from the beginning to the very end. -Each stage of life is better understood by remembering the whole life, and conversely, the whole life is understood by knowing each segment. Dynamic-Systems theory- Human development is always changing. Life is a product of ongoing interaction between the physical and emotional being. Stresses fluctuations and transitions, “the dynamic synthesis of multiple levels of analysis” (Central Study of the life span). The word “systems” captures the idea that a change in one part of a person, or family, or society will affect all other aspects of development, because each part is connected to all other parts. Ecological-Systems approach- (Urie Bronfenbrenner) A vision of how human development should be studied, with the person considered in all the contexts and interactions that constitute life. Developmentalists need to need to examine all the systems that surround the development of each person. Three levels that affect each person: 1. Microsystems: Elements of the person’s immediate surroundings, such as family or peer group 2. Exosystems: Such local institutions as school and church. 3. Macrosystems: The larger social setting, including cultural values, economic policies, and political processes. Bronfenbrenner also recognized that conditions change over time, and therefore the CHRONOSYSTEM (historical conditions) affects the other 3 systems.
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The dynamic interaction between the microsystem, exosystem, and macrosystem led to the naming of a 5 th system, the MESOSYSTEM (involves the connections between systems or between parts of a single system). I.E. Connections between home and school Bronfenbrenner particularly objected to capturing the artificial behavior of a person at one moment without considering how that behavior has been shaped by overarching systems. -Also emphasized the importance of studying humans in natural settings, as they actually live their lives -Ecological becomes BIOECOLOGICAL- Similar perspective is found in dynamic-systems theory, which holds that “thought is always grounded in perception and action” Developmentalists: people from many academic disciplines that study human development. 5 principles to understanding any age of human life:
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2011 for the course PSYC 4070 taught by Professor Rosenthal during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Psyc_4070 book notes - Psyc 4070 Test 1 Chapters: 1-6...

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