This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 1-14-08Psychology 4070Experimental studies involve one behavior among many individualsCase studiesinvolve a few people and their entire behaviorCase study on John and Larry: Both grew up in an area of poverty and in broken homes then raised in matriarchal households then, Dropped out of school and both have criminal records. Often times what happens early on in life usually affects individuals later on in life. Stressors or environmental risk factorssuch as being in broken home, criminal records, and being out of school will often lead to being poor adults.John then fathered 2 children from 2 women without being married and spent time in prison. Larry on the other hand got an education, married with 2 children, and bought a home in a good area with his own business. He was also close to his maternal grandfather who was married with his own business and very happy. When individuals “beat the odds” of becoming products of their environmental factors is called resilience or invulnerable. It is the ability to spring back from adversity.Basic research searches for just data and answers. Applied research has real world applications like studying resilience. Information such as finding out what Larry had to make him resilience then give that to John. Three factors promotes resilience in children1.Parental support- Warm parental relationship with at least one parent providing order, organization, affection and assistance. 2.Mentor support3.Personal characteristics of the child (intelligence, religion, motivation). Personality is the individual tendency to act and behave the same in all situations. In helping individuals to change one important factor applies, in order to change the individual wants to change. However clinical counseling and parental affection training are very expensive and the parents must need to want to change as well. Mentors are generally volunteers and can be hard to come by. Theory- integrated principals that explain and predict why things occurHypothesis- testable possible relationship, specific prediction what happens if theory is trueScientific method collects information impartially meaning without bias1.Formulate a research question from previous studies or scientific observations(ex. Frustration aggressive study- frustrated people act aggressively) 2.Develop a hypothesis3.Test hypothesis- design/conduct experiment (unobtrusive observations in psychology)4.Draw conclusions- does data support hypothesis or not5.Publicize results-other scientist must evaluate and/or replicatePsychologists don’t control what’s studied as much as other scientist because they don’t have as much control over the items being tested. Therefore the accuracy isn’t quite as good with the hard science....
View Full Document