Physiology Terms

Physiology Terms - o Above 41 degrees C dangerous o Above...

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Physiology Terms Physiology – science of the normal function and phenomena of living things KIDNEYS –EXTERNAL SYTEM DIGESTIVE SYSTEM - EXTERNAL CIRCULATORY SYSTEM – INTERNAL RESPIRATORY SYSTEM – EXTERNAL Apical – always towards the lumen, apex Basal – always away from the lumen, sits on the basement membrane Lumen – opening where things go through (gas, liquids, particles) Homeostasis – process of maintaining stable internal environment compatible for life Set point – desired level of regulated variable Sensors – detect level and provide input to integrating center Integrating center – compares set point to actual level Error signal – difference between actual level and set point Hypothermia – decrease in body temperature Hyperthermia – increase in body temperature; injury to the pituitary gland
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Unformatted text preview: o Above 41 degrees C - dangerous o Above 43 degrees C – deadly • Pryogens – white blood cells secrete this chemical; raises the body temperature which prevents bacteria from dividing rapidly which stimulates the immune system • THREE TYPES OF DIABETES: o Diabetes Mellitus – produces copious sweet urine IDDM – insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; requires daily insulin because of the destruction of Beta cells (make insulin) NIDDM – non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; adult onset or obesity; target cells do not respond to insulin o Gestational diabetes – pregnancy hormones induce insulin resistance o Diabetes insipidus – copious urine & excessive thirst; due to ADH deficiency/pituitary tumor (rare) • Triglycerides – glycerol + 3 Fatty acids • LOOK @ 2.15...
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Physiology Terms - o Above 41 degrees C dangerous o Above...

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