HCP210_CheckPoint_The Path of a Drug

HCP210_CheckPoint_The Path of a Drug - into the...

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CheckPoint: The Path of a Drug It is important that all patients are monitored when taking medications. This monitoring ensures that the medication is doing its job. All medication should be properly absorbed, distributed, metabolism and the elimination of drugs is important. Absorption is the key in which drugs are entered into the bloodstream. There are various ways in which drugs can enter the body; through the mouth (oral), lungs (inhalant), eyes (ophthalmically), ears (optically), nose (nasal), skin (transdermal), rectum (rectally), vaginal (vaginally) or by injection. A large percentage of medications are distributed orally, therefore the drugs must be passed through the intestines in order for them to be absorbed
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Unformatted text preview: into the bloodstream. Depending on several factors such as age, sex, weight, disease state and genetics of the patient, the rate of absorption, also known as bioavailability, varies. Once the drug fully enters into the bloodstream, it is then properly distributed to cross all cell membranes located in the body. Once the drug does what it is supposed to do, enzymes in the body break the remaining drug down into smaller particles, also known as metabolites where it is then released via bowel movement or urination. The other three forms in which a drug is eliminated out of the body is via tears, breath and sweat....
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2011 for the course HCP 210 taught by Professor ? during the Fall '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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