Energy_utilization_1

Energy_utilization_1 - Energy Consumption and its...

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NASA Night-time Satellite Image Energy Consumption and its Environmental Impact
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US has 5% of world’s population but consumes 25% of world’s energy production 1 Pj = 10 15 j 1 Gj = 10 9 j
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Historical Energy Use in the U.S.
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Fossil Fuels – Oil, gas, coal Petroleum (oil) family of liquid hydrocarbons Natural gas gaseous hydrocarbons; mostly methane (CH 4 ) Oil shale immature solid hydrocarbon mixed with shale Tar sands immature solid hydrocarbon mixed with sandstone
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Youngest oil fields are ~1 million years old, so oil and gas are effectively non-renewable resources Origin of Oil and Natural Gas Accumulation of organic matter mostly in marine sediments Burial before decay occurs Hydrocarbon maturation as temperature and pressure increase to produce oil and/or gas Migration and trapping of oil/gas
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Types of Oil Traps Essential features of an oil trap Source rock Reservoir rock Cap Rock
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Middle East Saudi Arabia Iraq Iran UAE Oman Kuwait Qatar Distribution of World’s Proven Oil Reserves Source: British Petroleum (2010) 754 128 73 42 137 199
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Middle-East Oil First Gulf War
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Energy_utilization_1 - Energy Consumption and its...

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