Constructions_of_Disability - ConceptualModelsof...

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Conceptual Models of  Conceptual Models of  Disability Disability
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Medical Perspective  Medical Perspective  Talcott Parson (late 1940’s) Talcott Parson (late 1940’s) Normal” = state of “good health” Normal” = state of “good health” Sickness (i.e., impairment) = deviation from  Sickness (i.e., impairment) = deviation from  “normality” “normality” Deficit approach Deficit approach Deviant from “abled” is interpreted as “lesser”  Deviant from “abled” is interpreted as “lesser”  Difference/impairment considered a “deficit” – a  Difference/impairment considered a “deficit” – a  deficiency, disadvantage deficiency, disadvantage Intrinsic & individualistic
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Special Education Emerged out of medical and psychological  fields Pinel, Itard, Howe, Galton, Binet, Montesssori, 
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Constructions_of_Disability - ConceptualModelsof...

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