Constructions_of_Inclusion_Disability - TOPIC#1...

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1 What is inclusion? Inclusion is a more than just a practice. Laws and regulations restricting isolation or segregation of one group of people cannot create an inclusive community Inclusion = a philosophy - a firm belief that o a diverse, heterogeneous community is better than a fragmented or homogeneous one. o ALL members of a community or the greater society should work together to assure access, authentic engagement, and full membership in all aspects of life including education. o ALL members of the community are valued as individuals who have something to offer to the community as a whole The saying: “Not everyone can do everything, but everyone can do something” reflects this aspect of the philosophy of inclusion Schools based a philosophy of inclusion o seek to establish collaborative, supportive, nurturing communities that provide ALL students with services, supports, and accommodations they need to learn o ALL students are cared for and educated by every professional in the school. All staff takes equal ownership in the intellectual, social, and emotional development of ALL students o Such schools are communities that demonstrate authentic and genuine respect for differences Principles of Effective Inclusion – Research has shown that schools which succeed in providing authentic inclusion of all students consistently demonstrate application of 4 principles 1. Value & Authentic Respect for Diversity – a. Inclusionary schools welcome, acknowledge, affirm & celebrate the value of ALL learners by educating them together in high-quality, age appropriate general education classrooms in their neighborhood schools b. All students have opportunities to learn and play together; to have opportunities to participate age appropriate educational, social and recreational activities c. These practices not only promote acceptance, equity, and collaboration, but are responsive to individual learning needs and embrace diversity d. Diversity is conceptualized in broad terms – learning ability, race, linguistic ability, economic status, gender, learning style, ethnicity, cultural background, religion, family structure, and sexual orientation 2. a. Effective inclusion involves sensitivity to and acceptance of individual needs and differences b. Educators respect the factors that shape their students and make them unique i. Forces = disability, race, linguistic background, gender, economic status & life experiences c. Students learn to value and honor diversity through
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2 i. authentic engagement with others with different characteristics, experiences, and beliefs ii. adult modeling of respect for diversity 3. Reflective Practice a. Effective inclusion involves on-going reflection on instructional practice b. Effective inclusive educators are flexible, open-minded, and always learning about their students needs and searching out effective ways to teach them
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Constructions_of_Inclusion_Disability - TOPIC#1...

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