Argentina-abbreviated - Argentina, 1776-1900 Crosperity...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/16/11 Prosperity amid Chaos Argentina, 1776-1900
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5/16/11 1776: Viceroyalty of La Plata founded 1810: Junta of Buenos Aires asserts (by force) authority over Upper Peru (Bolivia), Paraguay, and the Banda Oriental (Uruguay) 1813: Uruguay joins Provincias Unidas with autonomy under federal system. 1816: Constituent Congress in Tucuman Argentina contemplates return to monarchy headed by Inca descendant. Independence and
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5/16/11 Rivadavia at the Helm 1807: Bernardo Rivadavia resisted British invasion. 1810: Supported independence from Spain. 1811: Dominated 1st revolutionary triumvirate. abolished audiencia and slave trade, liberalized commerce 1821: Returned to Argentina from Europe. abolished ecclesiastical fueros and founded the University of Buenos Aires. 1824: Land law established the system of landholding still in force. 1826: Elected President but forced to resign. Died in Paris.
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5/16/11 1829-1852: Rosas most powerful Argentine. Rosas treated urban blacks and mixed-race gauchos with much more respect than many “liberal” successors. His most reliable fighters were gauchos, Argentine cowboys who worked on the growing estancias. 1836: Banned the forced draft of slaves 1839: Abolished the slave trade. Juan Manuel de Rosas
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5/16/11 Colonial era: Gauchos sold hides and beef from the pampas wild cattle. Post-independence: gauchos worked on estancias, but maintained a high level of freedom. The demand for their labor diminished as a huge influx of immigrants from Spain and Italy arrived to Buenos Aires. Contemporary observers viewed gauchos as obstacles to progress. Others viewed them as the soul of Argentina. Gauchos: Barbarians or the Heart of
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5/16/11 Rosas' Red Reign of Terror Rosas used intimidation to limit opposition to his rule. Red ribbons – in honor of St. Baltasar – were worn by supporters of the federalists. Army uniforms were red. Unitarios – the liberal centralists – were executed wearing blue Paramilitary group of Rosas’ followers ( Mazorca ) terrorized opponents of Rosas.
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5/16/11 Argentine economy grew during Rosas era. Economic diversification (sugar and wine in Tucuman, wool, and livestock) made it more resilient. Cattle needed less care and capital investment and were more resilient to the wartime destruction. Tallow, hides, salted (and later The Argentine Economy
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5/16/11 Buenos Aires’ Population Boom Buenos Aires’ ability to bring the provinces under control resulted in part from its growing population. By the end of the 19th century, it was known as the Paris of South America Population of Buenos Aires: 1810: 50,000
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5/16/11 Fall of the Caudillo Rosas’ popularity declined due to resentment of the provinces over Buenos Aires’ monopoly on trade. 1846: Justo Jose Urquiza of Entre Rios
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2011 for the course HIST 352 taught by Professor Drlentz during the Spring '11 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Argentina-abbreviated - Argentina, 1776-1900 Crosperity...

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